John Jordan Crittenden was born on September 10, 1786, in Woodford County. His parents were John and Judith (Harris) Crittenden. He was educated first at Pisgah Academy and Washington College (later Washington and Lee) before graduating from William and Mary. He studied law with George Bibb and began the practice of Law in Russellville. In 1809, he was appointed Attorney for the Illinois Territory and Aide-de-Camp to Illinois Governor Ninian Edwards. During the War of 1812 he served as aide, first to Samuel Hopkins and then to Isaac Shelby.
In 1811, he began six consecutive terms in the state House of Representatives. He then filled a vacancy in the U. S. Senate in 1817 until his resignation in 1819. In 1825, Crittenden moved to Frankfort to practice Law where he again served in the state House of Representatives, this time from 1829 to 1832. He became Secretary of State in the administration of Governor James T. Morehead. He was elected again to the U. S. Senate in 1835. He was reelected as a Whig in 1840, but he resigned to become William Henry Harrison’s Attorney General. He resigned after Harrison’s death and served in the U. S. Senate from 1842 to 1848. He resigned in 1848 in order to run for Governor against Lazarus W. Powell. He defeated Powell but resigned to become Millard Fillmore’s Attorney General. In 1854, he was elected for the fourth time to the U. S. Senate and served until 1861.
In 1860, Crittenden helped organize the Constitutional Union Party in order to avert the impending secession crisis. In 1861, he offered the Crittenden Compromise proposals for the same reason; they were, however, not accepted.
Crittenden married three times: to Sarah O. Lee in 1811; to Maria K. Todd in 1826, and to Elizabeth Ashley in 1853. He had nine children. Crittenden died on July 26, 1863, and is buried in the Frankfort Cemetery.
Biographical Encyclopedia (1878), page 62;
Collins, "History of Kentucky" (1874), pages147-50;
Gresham, "Biographical Cyclopedia" (1896), pages 482-84;
Kentucky Encyclopedia, pages 114-16;
Levin, ed., "Lawyers and Lawmakers" (1896), pages 114-16;
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website: http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000912